Personalized medicine is a medical treatment tailored to a specific person. It mainly focuses on an individual’s characteristics. These are usually the molecular and genetic makeups. Personalized medicine enables patients to receive specialized care in terms of diagnosis and risk assessments. It is used in the treatment of cancer, depression, and cardiovascular diseases.
Personalized medicine uses the genetic profile of a person. Genetic profiling aids with early disease diagnosis; hence, better treatment options. It also helps physicians determine which medication works best for patients and how patients respond to treatment.
Every individual has a different DNA makeup. The mutations in the body also vary from patient to patient. Genetic profiles and mutations are studied to aid tailor personalized medication.
Family History Assessment
Analyzing family genetic history is vital in prescribing personalized medication. It also helps predict chronic illnesses like diabetes and hypertension. Chronic diseases are hereditary in some families. Thus, analyzing genetic family history helps in personalized care and medication prescription. Physicians can know a patient’s susceptibility to diseases and give specialized care.
DNA analysis involves the extraction of genetic samples from an individual. The extracted DNA is tested to identify genetic mutations. Through analysis, physicians can identify predisposing factors to ailments.
Genetic-mutation samples help tell what is causing a specific disease. With all this information, treatments and specialized care is made possible.
Reduces Side Effects
Variation in genes results in different responses to medication. Pharmacogenomics, a field in personalized medicine, studies a patient’s reaction to certain drugs. It also assesses the medication that is effective to a particular patient and how to mitigate its side effects. Personalized medication has gone a long way mitigating side effects of certain medications.
Personalized Screening and Therapy
Customized screening options are developed after chronic disorders are identified. After this, the physician develops personalized screening and therapy sessions for the patient. The treatment plan of the patient is based on the genetic findings and diagnosis. The patient’s response to the treatment is observed, and regular adjustments are made. Personalized screening and therapy have helped in the effective treatment of most diseases.
The genetic profile of an individual is important in cancer treatment. Analysis of the gene mutation assists physicians in identifying the appropriate treatment. The doctor weighs your chances of developing cancer and uses screen testing to lower the risk. Through personalized medication, physicians also predict if the cancer is likely to come back. After analyzing the patient’s cancer genes, the appropriate cancer treatment option is provided. With personalized cancer medication, cancer treatment is more effective and has fewer side effects.
Treatment of Cardiovascular Disorders
Genetic testing is performed on patients before a heart transplant. Blood samples are taken, and testing is done to determine whether the donor’s blood and the recipients are compatible. It also ensures the recipient’s body does not reject the organ after the transplant.
Personalized medication ensures any side effects resulting from the transplant are mitigated. The development of personalized medication has helped many patients.
Treatment of Depression
Depression treatments vary from one individual to another. Patient’s depression may arise from different biological reasons. However, personalized medication has made it possible to study such variations. It has ensured better development of anti-depressants medication.
DNA Influence on Personalized Medication
Personalized medication has made a study on DNA influence possible. Pharmacodynamics studies the different variations in response to treatment. Effective treatment with fewer side effects is then prescribed to each patient. Tailored medication has proved effective when considering DNA influence on medication.
Personalized care has revolutionized the medical industry. As a result, the discovery and development of drugs have been made possible. Many individuals have benefited from personalized medication. It is, however, essential to know and understand how personalized medicine works.