Have you ever thought about what a gynecologic oncologist does? What kind of training do they go through before becoming one? Are they really doctors? A gynecologic oncologist is a doctor who specializes in treating women with cancer, especially ovarian cancer. They specialize in diagnosing cancer early and helping patients cope with their disease. In the following article, Vinay K Malviya, MD will go further into detail about this profession.
What Is Gynecologic Cancer?
Gynecologic cancer occurs when cells in the ovaries or uterus begin to behave. These abnormal cells can spread to other parts of the body through lymphatic vessels or blood vessels. This kind of cancer affects women at every stage of life, from teens to older adults.
If you develop symptoms of cancer, you’re likely to visit a doctor sooner rather than later. That’s because early detection increases the chances of survival, treatment success, and quality of life.
The Role of a Gynecologic Oncologist
Gynecologic Oncologists work to make sure that patients receive the best treatment possible. They also perform tests to determine if cancer has spread throughout the body. Their job needs them to be familiar with the latest treatments and research in the field.
Gynecologic Oncology Specialties Include:
- Breast Cancer.
- Cervical Cancer.
- Vaginal Cancer.
- Ovarian Cancer.
- Uterine Cancer.
- Endometrial Cancer.
- Vulvar Cancer.
What Treatments Are Available?
Treatments for cancer depend on what type of cancer a person has. Various treatments are available depending on the stage of the cancer. How advanced the cancer is and whether the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Most people diagnosed with cancer receive some combination of these therapies:
Surgery removes the tumor or diseased tissue. If the tumor is not completely removed, doctors may try to destroy the remaining cells.
Cancer cells are destroyed by radiation using high-energy x-rays or gamma rays. This therapy is often given before surgery to shrink tumors.
Drugs are used in chemotherapy to halt the spread of cancer cells. Drugs may target specific molecules inside cancer cells or work by damaging DNA. Or stopping the production of certain substances that help cancer cells reproduce.
Targeted therapy uses drugs that attack cancer cells but have little effect on normal cells. Scientists are still learning about targeted therapies. But researchers believe they could lead to less toxic treatments.
Side Effects of Treatment
Cancer is not only a disease affecting men, women, children, and babies; it affects many others as well. Cancer comes in a variety of forms, and each type has unique signs, causes, and treatments. Here are some side effects of cancer that you should know about.
Fatigue is a symptom that many cancer patients experience after treatment. It may last anywhere from several weeks to months. Fatigue is often accompanied by sleepiness, loss of appetite, and weakness. In some cases, fatigue may even lead to depression as well.
Depression is a mood disorder characterized by feelings of sadness, hopelessness, guilt, worthlessness, and/or helplessness. These feelings can cause people to lose interest in activities they once enjoyed, including work, school, and socializing. Many people who suffer from depression feel tired and have trouble sleeping.
Anxiety is a feeling of worry or nervousness about something that might happen. People who suffer from anxiety tend to think negatively about themselves and their surroundings. They may become easily upset and fearful, and may even avoid situations that make them anxious.
Nausea is an uncomfortable feeling caused by the urge to vomit. It is often associated with motion sickness, pregnancy, and food poisoning. Nausea can be triggered by smells, tastes, sights, sounds, or touch.
Pain is a sensation that occurs when the body detects damage to its tissues. It is often described as a sharp ache or throbbing discomfort. Moreover, pain can range from mild to severe. Common types of pain include headaches, backaches, arthritis, toothaches, muscle cramps, sprains, cuts, burns, broken bones, and infections.
Diarrhea is the passage of loose stools. A person’s stool may appear watery, runny, or bloody. Diarrhea is often accompanied by stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, and headaches.
Some side effects may last only a short period of time. While others may continue long after treatment has ended. Lastly, talk with your doctor about any side effects you experience.
In conclusion, a gynecologic oncologist works to treat various forms of cancer. Oncologists must know the different cancer types, Vinay K. Malviya, MD, emphasizes. As well as their symptoms, treatments, and prognosis. Additionally, they should also be able to discuss these issues with patients.