The marriage certificate is an official document which declares that two people are married legally. In India, a marriage certificate is an essential document for a couple. In India, marriages can be registered according to two acts, The Hindu Marriage Act,1955, or under the Special Marriage Act,1954. For both types, a marriage certificate is a necessary document to legitimize the marriage. The supreme court in India has made it mandatory to register the marriage to safeguard women’s rights. Hence, obtaining a marriage certificate is essential and can have various benefits. It’s important to note that to obtain a marriage certificate, the bride should be over 18 years of age, and the groom should be over 21 years of age, which is the legal age in India to marry.
The marriage certificate becomes an essential document when opening a bank account or applying for a passport after marriage. In the case of foreign travel, marriage certificate becomes necessary for visa processing and a copy of the marriage certificate is asked for by many embassies.
Marriage Registration Under Hindu Act
If the marriage has taken place under the Hindu act, the marriage should be solemnized under Hindu customs, and the bride and groom must be Sikhs, Buddhists or Hindus. Further, any of the following should fall under the jurisdiction of the registering officer:
- Residence of the bride or groom
- Solemnization place
Also, proof from the priest is required when filling the application form.
Special Marriage Registration
In this case, the notice of the intended marriage should first be issued. The registrar solemnizes the Special Marriage registration. If no objection against the marriage is received within 30 days of notice, marriage will be registered by the officer, and further, a marriage certificate can be obtained.
Online Marriage Registration
To complete the registration online, one needs to select their district after visiting the official website of their respective state governments. One needs to open the official marriage registration portal, select the district, fill in the husband’s details, and choose “ registration of marriage certificate.” Date of appointment would be selected and then click on submit the application. The person who registers will get a unique number that would be printed on the acknowledgment slip. Further, a printout of the application slip needs to be taken out.
- Identity proof of both the bride and groom
- Identity proof of the witnesses
- Residence proof of bride, groom, and witnesses
- Nationality proof if any one individual is a foreigner
- Age proof of bride and groom, it could be a birth certificate, school or college leaving certificate, the passport will also work.
- 4 coloured passport size photographs of the bride and groom
- All the documents should be self-attested
- Completely filled application form
It is important that all the details must be carefully filled and the application formed should have the signatures of the bride, groom, and the witnesses. It’s mandatory to have a marriage certificate issued to avoid any inconveniences.
Benefits And Importance Of Birth Certificate
The birth certificate is the first right of the child towards establishing its own identity. A birth certificate is an official document which helps to record the birth of the child.
Earlier, this process was not systemized in India, but after 1969, registration of birth became compulsory under the registration of births and deaths act. The birth certificate is very important and contains the details of the child born; later, it is used as an identity proof and proof of the date of birth of a person. It is an authentic document printed on a special paper with a multicolored seal embossed, which is a symbol of authenticity, and if the seal, in any case, is not present on the document, the agency has full rights to interrogate the candidate regarding the source of the certificate. The birth certificate is used as a date of birth proof for issuing documents like the AADHAR card, PAN card, voter ID card, passport. Different states in India have different rules and norms regarding issuing the birth certificate, but some details are the same all over India.
Registration is a vital tool for the government as well to keep a record of the number of births per year. It might be needed for the collection of data and vital statistics. It is essential for the national planning of the government for child care facilities.
Benefits And Importance Of Registration
1)for admission in schools and colleges
2)proof of age of a person at the time of employment
3)necessary for issuing a marriage certificate
4)to establish parentage
6)date of birth proof for participation in electoral rolls
7)registering in National Population Register (NPR)
8) required for government surveys like census
9)access to other personal records of a person
10)Domestic or international adoption
11)issuing of driver’s license, passport and other government issued identification
Who Can Register The Birth Of Child?
The head of the house or the closest relative or the oldest person in the family can do the registration of a child. In case of other possibilities if the birth has taken place away from the house,the superintendent of the hospitals or office in charge of the hospital , or the headman of the local village if no other relation is found can also register the child.
How Can One Apply For Birth Certificate?
The birth certificate can be obtained through both online and offline means. For online application, one can visit crsorgi.gov.in and apply by providing necessary details and uploading other necessary documents for government verification, which is compulsory. After 7-10 business days, the person will receive the certificate at his/her residence. When registering offline, one can get a birth certificate registration form from the district registrar’s office. Fill the form and submit it to the registrar. Once the verification is successful, the birth certificate is issued.
Necessary Details Mentioned In The Birth Certificate
- full name(first, last and middle)
- 2)Registration number provided
- 3)Age, gender, race
- 4)parent’s names, ages, place of birth
5)name and address of attending physician
6)lastly, the date and place of birth are required.
Birth certificates can be issued by the official state or also the city government, which are officially authorized to issue such documents.
Hence, it is very important for you and your family members to get their birth certificates issued to avoid any inconvenience later.
List Of Doucuments Needed To Apply Death Certificate India
A death certificate is a legal document issued by the government of the respective state to the nearest relative of the deceased. It states the date, time, and most importantly, the cause of death, which otherwise is not disclosed. Under the Registration of Births and Deaths act, 1969, it is mandatory to register every death within 21 days of its occurrence. The death certificate is a primary document that is required for various purposes.
Importance Of Death Certificate
Settlement of inheritance of property
- Insurance claims
- Processing other legal claims
List Of Documents Needed To Apply
Some of these documents are required in the application process:
- Age proof- birth certificates
- Affidavit mentioning the date and time of death
- A copy of ration card
- Residential proof ( rent agreement, lease agreement, electricity bills)
The registrar is required to enter the name of the deceased in the records without any fee or reward. It is important to note that the person who has approached the registrar may need to furnish the documents and evidence of his/her relationship with the deceased.
Can Registration Be Done After 21 Days?
Since it is difficult to deal with the loss of a loved one and manage the legal formalities as well, any delay in reporting the death (after 21 days but before the expiry of 30 days) to the registrar can be compensated by paying the late fee.
If the delay caused is of more than a month, the death can be registered by obtaining the following:
- The written permission of the registrar
- An affidavit from a notary public, within one year of the occurrence of death
Online Procedure Of Obtaining The death Certificate
Some states have provided the facility of the online application, which has simplified the process. The following steps need to be followed for the same:
- Uploading the documents online, however, some states still require physical submission of documents
- Additional information like proof from the crematorium might be required by some state governments
- Doctor’s signed report of death along with certification of cause of death is essential
- In states like New Delhi and West Bengal have been allowed to issue death certificates through online means.
- Lastly, the certificate can be acquired by the family members of the deceased online without physically visiting the hospital.
- A print out of the form needs to be taken out and submitted at the local registrar’s office.
- The status of the application can also be tracked online.
What Is MCCD?
MCCD refers to the Medical Certificate of Cause of Death is the most frequently issued certificate that is usually filled by a qualified medical officer. It is carried out in India under the Government Medical Certification Scheme, which incorporates training of medical practitioners.
A person needs to apply for the death certificate of a family member to avoid any sort of complications later.